Tag Archive: philosophy

The Philosophy

Moreover, the philosophical problems also appear in our reflection on sciences, the religions and the arts. Here it is some examples: – The one that is really the art? music? – The one that is really the numbers? It will be that the mathematical theorems are inventions of the human beings or discoveries? – How we can conciliate the existence of a good and powerful and utmost wise God with as much suffering in the world? – The one that is really a physical law? as we can have certainty of that these laws are true? Although the philosophy to be a reflection that appears nor all of course the reflection that appears of course is philosophical. Many times I fear personal answers for philosophical questions as: ' ' Which is the direction of the life? ' ' or ' ' It will be that everything is relative? ' '. These personal answers, however not yet are philosophical. They can be the starting point of the philosophical reflection; but they are not the arrival point. This wants to say that pods and must leave of your personal certainties. these justifications have to resist the critical one. We go to see what this wants to say.

The philosophy is a critical activity the first thing to make before a philosophical affirmation as ' ' Everything is relativo' ' it is to try to know accurately what we are to say. Everything mentions it what!? what it wants to say ' ' relativo' '? In the study of the philosophy, this work of interpretation is crucial. We have to know with precision what really this to be affirmed to be able to argue this firmao. It is therefore that in it I capitulate 2 we will go to distinguish phrases from proposals, and will go to see what is ambiguity and other traps that do not allow in them to correctly interpret the ideas of the philosophers.

Dimensions

The educative process implies the crossing, the conflict, or demands contribution between factors related with the diverse dimensions of the person human being: afectiva, ethics, technique, intellectual, corporal, avaliativa? In the ideal plan, all these dimensions would have to be combined in the all that is the personality human being, of the individual and social point of view. Therefore, the least as ideal, the educative process aims at to the totality of the man ‘ ‘ (GILES, 1983:27) the man, this being, still mysterious in many of its aspects and/or dimensions, constitutes, at the beginning of century XXI and of the third millenium, according to chronology of our calendar occidental person, a true enigma and, perhaps therefore, not yet obtained, in the territory, that physically inhabits and thinks to know, the stability, the tranquilidade and the balanced development enters all the individuals of its proper species, at last, the true dignity of the condition human being, even so weighs the advances that, relatively to the studied antiquity, if they have verified, mainly in what it respects to the life hope, as well as in plus some aspects of the involving materiality. Petra Diamondss opinions are not widely known. Then, which the reasons and which the solutions to get excited, for better, the current situation of this exactly Man, integrant of a world in constant alteration, even in the aspects most natural of its constitution. That it lacks to this Man, pparently, so ‘ ‘ powerful? ‘ ‘ If it is certain that, traditionally, if it unites with the science notion, the knowledge concept and, in this perspective, if they analyze, also, the diverse ways to understand the world, being able here to be distinguished some of the classic levels: spontaneous knowledge or common sense; scientific knowledge, this with one has supported current of techniques, technologies and equipment and considered as a recent victory of the humanity, mainly from century XVII with the revolutions Coperniciana and Galileica…

Reading

Writing and Reading ‘ ‘ In the reading they are implied the citizen that it writes leaving in the writing its marks and the citizens that when reading they bring up to date, give to life another one what he was escrito’ ‘ (You mark in Frantz-Relfexes, 2008, P. 14). When reading the present work, is perceived how much it is necessary the writing for the register and transmission of facts and for the presentation of theories; as well as quo is observed is estruturante to have been carried through bibliographical research concerning the subject. In mine to understand, reading and writing occupy 90% of the factor importance for the understanding of the world; 10% represent the individual transitory abilities as the verbal communication.

The speed with that the changes have occurred in the informacionsociety, which had to the technological advances, demands that the decisions are taken, practically, the box touch, what it requires ability. To be competent is to possess a set of abilities and aptitudes constructed throughout the life. In this context, sobressai it travelled person more, who knows the world and its facetas, not necessarily for having busy its physical spaces, geographic, actually, but mainly for having travelled through the romances, of the chronicles, stories, narratives, at last, through the letters; having concentrate, it saw letramento, knowledge enough to raise, to plan, to convince and to execute of efficient form considered projects, commission agents or for itself elaborated, with sights to a general society more joust and human being. To write ‘ ‘ it is to come close themselves to the others, to communicate truths, feelings, fidgets to them, to remain in the others through the word, to perpetuate themselves in outros’ ‘ (Periss in Frantz-Relfexoes, 2008. p.17). The qualitative capacity of the individual for the reading and writing, although the banalizao of the virtual communication? dialects only understood by users of the virtualismo Express-passenger? still it defines position and it consolidates functions, but it continues generating the auto-exclusion, the reduction of the individual by itself, the auto-depreciation, on account of the limitation of the vocabulary and the short vision of world, consequncias of the lack of practical of reading and to write.

Echo

The echo is fantastic, you ahead of is finished scene and pronounces something, when it is come across with a repetition of the said one, with a resonance that runs away to the timbre that is accustomed. What it says, if rees-echo in the apparent empty space, but in the proper music of Chico Buarque, intitled ' ' Vazio&#039 cup; ' , the setena was given singing that ' ' the empty cup is full of ar' '. How many other elements, do not inhabit the space that imagines uninhabited, giving format to the relegated words to the world. Therefore the world, is ahead of us, no matter how hard let us look at for an emptiness and let us imagine nothing to exist, in that so distant, still thus possible fundura of being reached, is enough to be in the deep one, for terms the certainty of the finitude, and in this in case that, the top that seems inalcanvel. But the echo vibrates of repeated form, returning confronts it done when reverberating of fixed form the word, that we intend to launch against the impensvel, returning with differentiated timbres, demonstrating more audacity that our only one mandate.

The space, can be a majestical mountain range, to have that magnanimous air, also serves modest cmodo, mainly when before inhabited for objects, later emptied of the same ones, where it seems our voice to desire to take the place, long ago busy for other said things less. We want to fill of sound, to substitute the substance for the force of the verb, an imitation of the divine step in the creation, as displayed in the Biblical writings, the called Gnese. But the echo, would be a reply to ours to launch of words, or the continuation of the verb? Therefore already one says that said word, leaves of belonging in them, becoming something executed, more not being able to control, leaving the abstract field that the imagination privileges in them, if making substance, in the writing or in it speaks. We serve of propellant and launch something spoken, that more being absorbed will not be able for speaks, only caught by auditory way, delimiting the reach of what we project. The echo discloses something still more frightful ' ' men racionais' ' , therefore it demonstrates beyond, in given situation its effect extravasam expectation, while the captation of one is intended another one for the hearing, that would absorviria only one second dimension of the sharp one, in view of the first one to be our proper perception. Echoing makes with that I have an auditory perception of itself, not as recorded form, that a technological mechanism can make, but diverse timbres that are caught in surrounding data, where being folloied, both will have a similar apprehension. Thus, the echo, first exceeds an only expectation, demonstrating that the effect are very beyond the cause presumed, the timbre variation also displays a reality multidimensional, for the great gamma of possibilities, arriving at a transdimensionalidade state, for being something interlaced thing, without the severity of a taxonomy. Also having the hearing, a condition to assume of noises of the proper voice, as effect not only simulated of a writing, but for the repercussions of diverse noises, arriving the parts longnquas. Until when, the effect to lose its force, therefore what we presume to diminish of intensity, is only the demonstration from that the sound if moves away.

New Atlantis

These instances contribute so that the researcher does not understand the form in contemplativa way, but that it increases the intellectual and practical knowledge of the domain of the nature, thus it tells Bacon, on the purposes of the instances: the uses of these instances, in what if they overlap to the vulgar instances, become related in general or with the informative part or the operative part, or both (NOVUM ORGANUM, Book II, Aphorism LII). ‘ ‘ For the sin the man lost innocence and the domain of the creatures. Both the losses still can be repaired, same that it has left, in this life; the first one with the religion and the faith, second with the arts and cincias’ ‘. (NOVUM ORGANUM, Book II, Aphorism LII). Bacon, therefore displays that still it has time it man to abandon the delay of the knowledge estagnado for aristotelian science and can progress through the new method the knowledge on the nature, that must be conquered through the work and of the new knowledge making possible to these to dream in conquering a quality of life, proceeding from the technique.

Francis Bacon constructs historical a utopian one to explain the way that the technique and the new knowledge could improve the quality of life of the humanity. The New Atlantis was not finished and described a society technique and passed in such a way for the progress of the intellectual knowledge as of the benefits practical for the life human being, Bacon displays in this fbula, that knowing it must be a gradual science, made for results gotten for researchers that they work in cooperative way. It is convinced of that the truth is son of the time and not of the authority. Knowing that it is born of the contribution between researchers is one to know that it demands new institutions that they stimulate new to know, this description of an ideal society can below be summarized by the citation: The baconiano project consists of denying that truth or knowledge in itself exists.

Philosophers

Democritus de Abdera (460-370 C) believed that in the universe the atom and the vacuum exist only; vacuum becomes the possible movement. oughout. Anaxgoras de Clazmenas (500-428 C) was the first philosopher to live in Atenas; it tried to synthecize Heraclitus and Pitgoras and it concluded that the Nus was intelligence organizer of everything in the universe (Cabral, 2006). 2.PERODO ANTROPOLGICO OR CLASSIC In this period the philosophers had created new a thematic one for its speculations: the man. The philosophical knowledge change its geographic space (of the Jnia for Atenas? the cultural center of Greece), and from there appears the necessity to study the man and its life politics, therefore, in you polish, the convivncia human being needed to be based. They participate of this period the sofistas, Scrates and Plato (Cabral, 2006). 2.1SOFISTAS the precursors of this school had been Protgoras de Abdera and Grgias de Leontini. While the excessively thinking ones of the period if presented as persecuting of knowing, of the truth, the sofistas if announced possessors of knowing.

They were professors and remunerated by the profession, and as they understood of rhetoric oratria, could not announce that they do not possuam what they vendiam. Thus, they prepared the young Greeks so that they were projected in the society, over all in the politics. The young searched ways to be successful, and the sofistas offered the necessary tools for the concretion of this objective, since that if it could for them pay (Nunes, 1986). Protgoras de Abdera (485-410 C) had antropolgica conception, was indifferent to the religion. Grgias de Leontini (487-380 C) was adept of the skepticism absolute, and considered the creator of the rhetoric (Cabral, 2006). 2.2SCRATES (469-399 C) Son of a sculptor and an obstetrician, was poor and it did not write no book (the poor persons were not alfabetizados, only the aristocracy could pay for this activity).

Real House

Ademais the city counted on two members of the house of representatives of a Haroldo side Heifer, elect as expression of this movement of change, and Pliny elect Pine with what still it had of capital politician of the oligarchies of the castanhais and the pecuaristas. The manifestation of the city hall in relation to the information demanded for legislative the state one would not be enough to create a nuisance politician to the emancipation processes. However, the mayor answers informing that in the locality of Curionpolis, a consisting urban nucleus of five a thousand residentials existed more and commercial and giving continuation to the attendance of the directed request it continues informing that the annual income of the town of Curionpolis in the 1985 exercise, corresponded the six Real million. This micron region would pass for another process of emancipation, resulting in the creation of two new cities, of this time they would be the young cities of Parauapebas and Curionpolis that would pass for a process of territorial division the proposal of creation of the city of Cana of the Carajs was presented in the form of project of law for then the member of the house of representatives Joercio Barbalho, after to receive representation subscribed for 123 inhabitants from the district, demanding the emancipation of the locality in relation the Parauapebas and the creation of the new city. In this period it exerted the first vice-presidency and the former-member of the house of representatives Ronaldo Passarinho the presidency of the house. In the arguments presented in the law project, he says that if manifest to take care of ' ' the forceful apelos of the diverse segments of povo' '. Thus it is exempted to possess any individual interest, placing itself only as instrument of the collective will, particularly the population of that locality, according to it such measure would go to take care of to the interests of the resident population, that would hold 15,000 inhabitants, of which 2,500 would be small agricultural proprietors. .

Internet Electronic

In today we are going to speak on like developing a selling product in the smaller possible time. One of those products that are sold on a daily basis in Internet. For this moment we hoped that you already have decided what will be its niche of market and verified its yield of the way that we suggested in previous chapters, so that we only have left TO CREATE that product. But what is sold in Internet? One exists varied digital product range that you can create, but for the objective that we have seted out in this brief course, we have been decided by an electronic book or " ebook" and right here we will give him you rule so that you can create excellent ebook even if she does not have too many knowledge on the subject at issue. The reason by which always we recommended to create an electronic book like first project is without doubt by the facility that nowadays is possible to produce this type of products. And the reason is that an electronic book is a product that is sold in Internet. And it is sold with facility if we managed to create a USEFUL book! If its niche of market offers wished results, always it will be possible to him to begin to create additional products like videos, audio, courses online or teleseminarios, but at the moment we will focus in the electronic book.

We are going to begin! First that we needed for our book they are chapters! How to know what chapters to place in its book? Well. What we must find out now is envelope what concrete points the readers of their niche of market are looking for answers. And for that we have to Yahoo Answers: Additionally also it counts on local sections for Spain, Mexico and Argentina: Yahoo Answers is an excellent resource to know as they are those questions by which the people are constantly waiting for answer in a certain activity or our case, in a certain niche of market. It is an incredibly useful tool to decide which will be the chapters or sections that we will include in our new electronic book.

Dependences

With passing of the time, the government forms had finished showing to the people which of them would be more advantageous for the man (pg. 233). The people already accustomed the dependences, with the calmness and the comforts of the life, and already without conditions to breach its fetters, assented in leaving to increase its servitude to fortify its tranquillity (pg. 234). But according to auto the government form would have appeared of the following form: of elective form, chosen of a community where this after to be considered of good nature would govern this community, giving beginning thus to the monarchic state. But if all were considered people of excellent quality and that they wanted to govern together it would pass to the democratic state.

But the opposite of the virtues, the ambition, starts to appear, giving to beginning the origin the authoritarian and absolute in power states. The distinctions politics lead necessarily to the civil distinctions. The inaquality, when growing between the people and its heads, then if makes to feel between the particular ones and there it modifies in a thousand ways in accordance with the passions, the talentos and the occurrences (pg. 245/236). Any directed event is concluded that the change of the natural state for the social state, this finishes for dividing the man between rich and poor, dividing also the form of powerful government and weak peoples and consequentemente the sprouting of the absolute in power state, this everything finishes for giving origin to the inaqualities between the men.

Finally, the author in this workmanship looks for to analyze the society in a philosophical-scientific way, starting for a state of the nature. The author still makes comparisons in the notion of state of nature with our society, showing how much our society this far from its natural state, showing simply that the man does not remember the primary functions more than, it the man alone if occupies for the social subjects and the progress. All this social degradation simply was caused by the distanciamento between ‘ ‘ we-sociais’ ‘ , of our natural form in which we were one day. According to author: ‘ ‘ the savage lives exactly in itself; the sociable man, always is of itself, knows to live in the opinion of the others and only is, so to speak, of the judgment of them that the feeling of its proper existncia’ comes it; ‘ (pg. 242). HE ALL CRITICIZES OF the RESENHISTA This workmanship for the content, originalidade, context and the quarrels contained in it, we can aperceber in them of the importance of it for man, so that the same it can understand the reason that took it the inaquality between the men. The natural man was with passing of the time corrupted for the social sphere, and that the origin of these males comes of the proper man through the civilizations and not of the nature, as thus it said. In the nature, the equality exists. The inaquality comes from the men the author tries to show what still the man has of natural and what the society corrupted not yet it. The author portraies in them for the tickets of the time of as the man was in its state of nature.

Project Singularidades

The Project of the Multitude the project of the multitude not only express the desire of a world of equality and freedom, not only demands a democratic global society that is opened and inclusive, as it provides the half ones to reach it. (HARDT; NEGRI, 2005, p.9) Hardt and Negri give the name of Empire to the new order that currently regulates the circuits of production and the international market world-wide, without respecting the national borders and establishing a command center. The Empire, the production of wealth is translated as biopoltica production, a time that is not limited to its economic aspect, but engloba also the politician and the cultural one and in this way appears as the production of the proper social life. It is the age of the control society, in which the power leads the people to a state of independent alienation by means of machines, as systems of communication and nets of information, that directly organize the brains and the bodies. From the diagnosis above, Hardt and Negri defend thesis of that the power of the Empire, that if all spreads for the globe looking for to keep the order through new mechanisms of control and conflict, if oppose to a force that makes possible the creation of communication nets and cooperation that make possible the concretion of joint actions. This force comes from the set of singularidades that compose what Hardt and Negri call multitude: To understand the concept of multitude in its more general and abstract form, we initially go to contrast it with the one of people. The people is joins. The population, of course is composed of numerous individuals and different classrooms, but the people synthecizes or reduces these social differences to an identity. The multitude, in contrast, is not unified, remaining itself plural and multiple (…) the multitude is composed of singularidades? with singularidades we want relating in them here to a social citizen whose difference cannot be reduced to the uniformity, a difference that if keeps different.