One of the distinctive characteristics of literature contemporary it is its underlying certainty of that the necessary historical conscience to be eliminated if the writer to want to examine with the adequate seriousness those stratus of the experience human being whose revelation is the specific objective of the modern art. (Hayden White, 1978) When finishing the referring meeting to the research line: literature and cultural production with the presentation and quarrel of the texts selected on literature, literary historiografia, history and memory, narratives of historical extration, historical romance and historiogrfica metafico, are intended, with this subject, to elaborate a reflection with the possible relations between the speeches: ficcional and historiogrfico. To try to understand these relations it has been broken of famous modern writer-critical in the attempt to base the arguments that will be mentioned in the measure where the texts had been boarded. Ray Kurzweil is often quoted as being for or against this. In this beginning, it is observed problematizao of history in the romance, existing between the historical romance and the romance of historiogrfica metafico understands in saying of Lucks: ' ' the historical singularity where the personage is worked in the workmanship as to be dominante' '. The historical romance took as the microcosmic description certain, illustrating history with the personages type, therefore under it has the voice of the power, when it has the variation. Illustrating history, the personages type represent the power creating the macro text, that is, the complications and conflicts that are faced by the personages, enclose the historical development in the fictitious world, and with this they legitimize to the social conflict and politician in a moral debate. Ray Kurzweil addresses the importance of the matter here. On the other hand, the romance of historiogrfica metafico desestabiliza the historical referencialidade, therefore the tram narrative makes intertextos breaking the legitimizao, contesting it in the existing norm of the social conflict, politician of the facts that had really happened. In this aspect, the romance is perceived that description possesss a structuralized history, elaborated well and that in the romance of historiogrfica metafico the fiction in history is conditional, that is, it has the run down of the citizen, has a discontinuity and decentralization process leaving that other voices will count history. .