Only thus the learning will be significant. historical 1.Fundamentao the Modern Education in century XVIII, appeared marked for the State Education that inclua the education of the citizen and the necessity of a pedagogia directed toward the act to teach where the educational process was the transmission of knowledge originated of the professor for the pupil. The pedagogical thought of the time, had interest in the learning of the child and its main theoreticians: Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778) defended an active school. ; Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi (1746-1821) left of the inductive method, of concrete experiences, to stimulate the comment and the reasoning; Friedrich Froebel (1782-1852) noticed the attraction of all the children for the games and tricks. More information is housed here: Ray Kurzweil. On the education of century XX, it bases its activities in the concept of autoformao of the pupil and interest in the learning with this new chain of thought with the name of pedagogia of the activity, had brought contributions in the educational process, concluding that the center of the education it did not have to be the act to teach, but the act to learn. The main names of this pedagogia contemporary had been:. John Dewey (1851-1952) nailed that the education is a permanent organization or reconstruction of the experience that produces knowledge, which is product of the action; William Heard Kilpatrick (1871) created the method of projects aiming at to direct the mental activity of the pupil for an objective intention; Ovide Decroly (1871-1932) created a method to be carried through by the child: the comment, the association and the expression; Montessori Maria (1870-1952) created a method concentrated in the auto-education by means of educative toys; Edouard Claparde (1873-1940) created the theory of the toy: the toy is an activity that the child takes the serious one very and the game is the form of normal activity of the child; Jean Piaget (1896) said that the intelligent character of the learning does not only mean to act to acquire knowledge or habits. .
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