Stock Companies

Based on the general principle of freedom of contract (Article 421 of the Civil Code), as other rules in the contract concerning the rights of participants by the Federal Law 312-FL is not installed, you can draw the following conclusions: First, agreements participants may be unlimited. This creates no problem regulated by law – the legal consequences for member of society if he is involved in several agreements that are contrary to each other 9. In any case, the agreement of participants – this is normal transactions, documents of equal legal force, and therefore the court had no legal grounds for the withdrawal of the priority of any of the agreements on other agreements. Accordingly, contrary to the Agreement parties is not grounds for recognition of any of them invalid (in whole or in part). Second, each specific agreement may be any two (or more) members of society – the mandatory participation of all parties law requires. Third, the conclusion of any agreement is a right, not a responsibility of the participant, so it is impossible to induce an agreement, for example, include a duty to the charter or agreement on the establishment of the society.

With respect to the shareholder agreement last rule directly established by law – in paragraph 4 of Art. 32.1 of the Federal Law "On Joint-Stock Companies ". Finally, each specific agreement will be mandatory only for those participants who signed it. This is due to rule Section 3, Article. 308 Civil Code, under which the obligation does not create obligations for individuals who are not participating in it as the sides (for third parties).