Reform proposals

Reform proposals As already mentioned, Congress was until 1992 a bicameral parliament and then enjoyed a low popular approval citation needed , that’s one reason why the coup and the subsequent dissolution of Congress – “until the adoption of a new organizational structure of the legislative branch ” (A. Fujimori, 5 April 1992) -, enjoyed massive popular support citation needed . Today, however, more than 13 years after the unicameral installed, the overall feeling is that Parlamaneto is increasingly corrupt and mostly mediocre “each new Congress is worse than the previous . In August 2008, the urban national legislative approval is 9 , and in some regions does no more than 5 of popular support citation needed .Is that one reason why different analysts, constitutionalists, and political groups have proposed various reforms to Parliament, some of which would be discussed by the full Congress in June 2008 (finally the debate was frustrated and was delayed). The two main points to which such reform proposals are often referees to the structure of the Legislature and the mode of election of its members. Among the more modest proposals include the resignation of office for MPs reelected-driven proposal Javier Valle Riestra, and the vacancy in the office for missing repeatedly and unjustifiably plenary sessions, led by former president Camera Luis Gonzales Posada, “the latter in order to ensure broad quorum for such meetings, where normally only of compliance with regulations.Another proposal for renewal, raised by former parliament speaker Henry Pease, severely punish the transfuguismo is inside the chamber. A point that has been touched is the preferential vote in the congressional elections: their existence, “focuses the Congressman policy and not the party as a major player in the democratic “(Alberto Adrianzen), and generates serious conflicts and struggles that tear intestine political parties and congressional blocs. Each congressman has to fight his seat with his own party and when they get to Congress, individualism reigns. However, for the elimination of such a mechanism-a proposal that has resonated in the voices of politicians like Felipe Osterling, Susana Villar and Henry Pease – would be required to implement true internal democracy in parties political, for which two projects have been submitted to Congress for reform so that the ONPE organize internal elections and is the JNE who administers electoral justice in such cases.”(He) preferential voting that could have a sense of democracy at the time but has become a fierce competition among candidates from a list. If historically made sense to break the grip of the parties in the order of the lists for allow citizens to have a word, it is now counterproductive. Many of these decisions depend on time. (…) In Paraguay, (…) (where a) party which has governed for sixty years, the Colorado Party creation of the dictator Stroessner, (…) preferential voting could have much effect. The party controlling the dome is tight and very questionable internal democracy. The Paraguayan case illustrates well the various policy reform needs of our countries. In Peru, the abolition of preferential voting is vital, in his introduction Paraguay might mean a big change. “Pepi Patr n, a teacher at the PUCP.Another issue is the proposed restoration of the bicameral congressional reform has been driven by the APRA party, the Christian People’s Party and Popular Action, mainly. The proposal, however, does not enjoy much sympathy in the population, mainly because they believe that involve a larger budget citation needed . In favor of the proposal are various arguments, as the two legislative chambers that better represent the population by number and their different natures andthat they also discussed viabilizar an better laws and better legal quality. Many legal experts agree that if implemented both houses, with clear differences in attributes and nature-a reflexive (the Senate) and another policy (the Provincial) and the fact that legislative initiatives will be considered only in the second-, this would be positive. “What we have today is a 120-member unicameral Congress, which does not correspond to a country like ours.The bicameralism allows a better representation (population, territory), better control of the laws through the review, a better choice of senior officials, among other things. In comparative terms, the more stable, modern democracies are bicameral.