The history of

The history of graphics cards began in the late 1960s, when printers are going to use as a display to use monitors. Responsible for creating those first images were video cards .
The first graphics card to be launched with the first IBM PC was developed by IBM in 1981. The MDA (Monochrome Display Adapter) work in text mode and was capable of representing 25 lines of 80 characters on screen. Have a video memory of 4KB, so it could only work with a page of memory. Was used with monochrome monitors, usually green hue.
From there came various drivers for graphics, as summarized in the table below.
VGA was a mass acceptance, which led companies such as ATI, Cirrus Logic and S3 Graphics, to work on this card to improve the resolution and the number of colors. Thus the standard SVGA (Super VGA). With such a standard is reached 2 MB of video memory, as well as resolutions of 1024 x 768 dots and 256 colors.
The evolution of graphics cards was an important turning point in 1995 with the appearance of the first 2D/3D cards, manufactured by Matrox, Creative, S3 and ATI, among others. Those performing a standard SVGA card, but incorporated 3D functions. In 1997, 3dfx released the Voodoo graphics chip, with a large computational power and new 3D effects (Mip Mapping Z-Buffering, Anti …). From that point, there are a series of launches of the Voodoo2 graphics cards from 3dfx, TNT and TNT2 from NVIDIA. The power achieved by these cards was such that the PCI port which is connected else. Intel developed the AGP (Accelerated Graphics Port) to solve the bottlenecks start to appear between the processor and the card. From 1999 to 2002, dominated the market for NVIDIA graphics cards (including absorbing 3dfx) with the GeForce range. During this period, these were directed toward the field of 3D algorithms and the speed of graphics processors. However, reports also needs to improve his speed, so they joined the DDR memory to the graphics card. The capabilities of video memory at the time of passing the 32 MB GeForce up to 64 and 128 MB GeForce 4.
In 2006, NVIDIA and ATI shared leadership of the market with its series of GeForce and Radeon graphics chips, respectively.

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