A guide for beginners (and experts) about the big bang: Separating fact from fiction Hugh Ro ss The big bang cosmology is an explosive issue. In the last century there have been heated reactions, and bitter resistance from opposite directions, but, ironically, by the same sorts of reasons: religious reasons. A group of opponents of the big bang includes those who understand the implications of the theory, the other is to misunderstand that. The first group of people understand that the big bang denies the concept of a universe not created or self-existent.The big bang theory, based on data accumulated over centuries, points to a supernatural and an initiator start with purpose (therefore, personal) and transcendent (beyond the limits of space, time, matter and energy) . Obviously those who reject the reality of God or the possibility of knowing God find this idea is disgusting, an affront to their philosophical worldview. It is also offensive to those who write universe with a capital U, who have been trained to see the universe as the ultimate reality as the totality of all that is real. Again, his response is religious. The second group of people hate the big bang because they think, wrongly, that argues for rather than against, a theory of origins without God. Associated with the “big bang” with blind chance. They see it as a burst random, chaotic and not caused, when in fact it represents just the opposite.They reject the date given for the beginning of the universe, thinking that recognize a few thousand million years mean to discredit the authority of their sacred books, is the Koran, the Book of Mormon or Biblia.1, 2 Understandably, these people predict final destruction of the theory or choose to live with a contradiction at the heart of their belief system. Despite the opposition of their enemies, the key elements of the model of big bang – actually, a bunch of models that differ slightly from each other, stand firm. In fact, they are now stronger than ever, with the help of its allies more powerful and important: the facts of nature and the technological wonders that bring them to light as well as men and women who seek and report these datos.3 The following pages are a summary of accumulated data that support the big bang, paying special attention to eight of the most recent and important confirmations. A problematic term The big bang (in English, “Big Bang”) is NOT a big bang, the way he understands most laymen. This term conjures up images of bombings or explosions of dynamite. An “explosion” of this kind would produce disorder and destruction. In fact, this “explosion” represents a release immensely powerful yet carefully planned mass, energy, space and time within the strict limits of physical constants and laws that have a careful fine-tuning that govern their behavior and interacciones.4 Power and care that exceeds this explosion reveals the potential of human design in several orders of magnitude. So, why astronomers use the term The simple answer is that, for better or worse, hard to shake off a nickname.In this case, the term did not come from the proponents of the theory but rather as one might suppose, a hostile opponent. The British astronomer Sir Fred Hoyle coined the phrase in the 1950s in an attempt to ridicule the big bang, promising contender for his hypothesis of “stationary state”.
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