Project management requires a special approach. In history there are a lot of cases when, due to the vagaries of a single person months idle entire projects. The task of director is to form a project team that, at exit get the desired result. Seems to be simple, set a goal, explained the problem, but the realization of these goals there are many obstacles that are often not associated with the development that must be addressed is the manager. Check the job of a manager is difficult. Project management is used to introduce new developments into production, in modern conditions the relationship between R & D and sales decreased.
Development come to implementation of the raw, in-service finalized. This is well illustrated by the example of a software product that is finished for years. When forming the project team should first clearly define the objectives of the project. If to base a theory of the project, the chances of success will increase. Then you need to create a project group, special attention should be paid to group cohesion. In any group having an informal relationship.
Each participant group unknowingly plays a role (the soul of the company, debater, blonde, etc.). Managers need to understand who is who in the group. To successfully manage the project he would have to rank the group on the definition of the informal grounds. The main features of informal types of personality in the group: – ideologue – the best understanding of the purpose, is responsible for what is best to do better than others overall objective of the project, the goal adopted by the group (we go) – the leader – provides common goal, the leader may offer a way to achieve this objective, and implement it – an expert – he knows the history of the group, the behavior of members of the group that was earlier, following the building of relationships in the group – the critic – wants to take the place of leader-so his nature, the goal is the same as that of the leader, but how different – outsiders – no comments, but they need a group, they are an important link the group leader does not necessarily win the critic, most importantly, to Outsiders followed him. Here is a brief description of the informal group. Managers should know who is who in the group. To implement control in a group manager can not directly disagree with the leader, falling prestige. When decisions a manager can barely support the criticism, clearly support the criticism is also impossible, to influence the group leader and the group will follow the leader. To influence the leader's need to maintain a connoisseur, a leader listening to the connoisseur, but to influence the criticism, it is necessary to maintain an ideologue. The leader must understand and control group. Direct intervention in the group is dangerous. In many enterprises, managers use corporate culture () do not quite understand the problem of the impact on the team.